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  • Writer's pictureAnjaneya Turai


Updated: Mar 9, 2022

- Article By Adesh Shinde

What is data security?

Data security, or information security, includes the practices, policies and principles to protect digital data and other kinds of information. Data Security is based on three foundational principles — confidentiality, integrity, and availability — which are known as the “CIA triad.”

  • Confidentiality involves preventing unauthorized access to sensitive data to keep it from reaching the wrong people. To protect confidentiality, organizations should implement security measures such as access control lists (ACLs) based on the principle of least privilege, encryption, two-factor authentication and strong passwords, configuration management, and monitoring and alerting.

  • Integrity is about protecting data from improper data erasure or modification. One way to ensure integrity is to use a digital signature to verify content authenticity and secure transactions, which is widely used by government and healthcare organizations.

  • Availability requires ensuring that security controls, computer systems and software all work properly to ensure that services and information systems are available when needed. For example, your financial database must be available in order for your accountants to send, pay or process

Let's discuss some data security tools of 2021

1. HashiCorp Vault

HashiCorp Vault is a centralized key management solution that offers Encryption as a Service. This platform allows you to better protect sensitive data in the cloud, along with offering better visibility into your organization’s key management. Encrypting and decrypting data is a simple process through the available APIs, including UI, CLI, and HTTP. It’s FIPS 140-2 certified for organizations that need to follow specific compliance measures.

HashiCorp Vault supports using:

  • Encryption keys

  • Tokens

  • Passwords

  • Certificates

HashiCorp Vault is a secrets management tool specifically designed to control access to sensitive credentials in a low-trust environment. It can be used to store sensitive values and at the same time dynamically generate access for specific services/applications on lease. Plus, Vault can be used to authenticate users (machines or humans) to make sure they’re authorized to access a particular file.

Authentication can either be via passwords or using dynamic values to generate temporary tokens that allow you to access a particular path. Policies written using HashiCorp Configuration Language (HCL) are used to determine who gets what access.

2. FortiGate Next-Generation Firewall

Standard firewalls aren’t built for high throughput or hybrid cloud environments. When you have demanding requirements for your data center, you need a purpose-built solution that acts as the first line of defense for your network. FortiGate Next-Generation Firewall is a network security platform designed to protect organizations from internal and external threats in complex multi-cloud and hybrid hyper-scale data center environments. FortiGate’s solutions perform the duties of a typical firewall and extend far beyond them to best meet the modern business world's needs.

The advanced threat detection features of FortiGate Next-Generation Firewall include:

  • SSL inspection

  • Advanced visibility

  • Protection-at-scale

  • Deep content inspection

  • Intrusion prevention system

  • 100 Gbps throughput

3. Defragmentation Smart Defrag

The constant writing and removal of files over time negatively affects the performance of your disk drives. Windows includes a defragmentation tool which should be used, at a minimum, as part of regular maintenance. But to kick it up a notch, tools like Smart Defrag offer impressive features like scheduling, automation, and exclusion.

Defragmentation software takes the fragmented files and rearranges the segments so that they run contiguously. This decreases read/write time, thereby speeding up computer performance.

Defragmenting is beneficial for HDDs because it brings files together instead of scattering them so that the device's read-write head doesn't have to move around as much when accessing files. … Defragmenting improves load times by reducing how frequently the hard drive has to seek data.

Your computer is already set up to defrag at the touch of a few buttons. Even if you interrupt the process somehow, it's not likely that your hard drive will suffer any harm. Defragging is one of the safest and simplest ways to care for your hard drive and ensure your PC is optimized for its best performance.

4. Egnyte

Egnyte works to backup all sorts of business files. With Egnyte you can backup e-mail files, documents, spreadsheets, MP3s, you name it. Should something ever happen, restoration is as simple as a few mouse clicks. Egnyte offer a non-intrusive backup system.

Distributed workforces need access to content and other resources to do their job properly. These files may be spread throughout multiple cloud storage providers, network drives, home office computers, and countless other locations. Preventing unauthorized access to this data while allowing remote workers to access it can be a challenge without the right solution. Egnyte is a centralized business content management platform that provides data governance, administration and security for organizations with distributed workforces and others that need similar levels of flexibility. It includes many useful features for protecting sensitive data without compromising on anytime, anywhere access to the content.

Egnyte features that improve your data security for business content include:

  • Over 30 content classification patterns for regulatory compliance

  • AI-driven security policy enforcement

  • Set granular permissions to better handle Bring Your Own Device security

  • Detects unusual behavior automatically

  • Offers automatic risk scoring

5. Incydr

Many organizations spend their time focusing on external threats, but protecting only the perimeter doesn’t work well in an environment involving hundreds, thousands, or millions of home offices, multi-cloud, and other complexities. Incydr by Code 42 is a data risk detection and response SaaS platform that’s designed to work with remote workforces and business environments focused on collaboration. This data security tool focuses specifically on internal risks. The platform evaluates the way that your organization’s data is used and determines whether concerning behavior occurs.

The activity Incydr tracks include:

  • File creation

  • File deletion

  • File modification

  • File movement

A unique feature with Incydr is that it will flag concerning activities even if they are allowed under your current security policy. If you have a major blind spot, you can use Incydr to address these vulnerabilities and oversights.

6. Post-Infection Removal

Let’s say that all your efforts to avoid malware have failed, and you are left with a very infected and unusable system. The Emsisoft Emergency Kit is conveniently mountable on a USB stick for portable scanning and cleaning of infected computers. Couldn’t hurt to keep one of these on your key-chain. Emsisoft is a powerful antivirus program with cutting-edge malware detection — the anti-malware engine is strong enough to stand up to viruses, trojans, and spyware, as well as newer threats like ransomware and rootkits.

Emsisoft has two antivirus engines — the first is a proprietary scanner which uses predictive algorithms to flag potentially unwanted programs (PUPs) and suspicious files, and the second is Bitdefender’s award-winning anti-malware engine. This dual-engine antivirus scanner is powerful.

Behavior Blocker is also a useful diagnostic tool, offering alerts that make it easy to see where suspicious files are located. Advanced users will appreciate this feature, while less tech-savvy users will probably just want to use the auto-resolve option (which fixes the problem for you). In my testing, Emsisoft was pretty accurate, detecting all of my test files and letting system files and downloads run unobstructed.

7. CloudGuard SaaS

With more employees working from home, cloud-based email platforms offer a convenient option for keeping them in the loop. However, threats such as phishing don’t stop just because employees are at home. CloudGuard SaaS helps your organization protect cloud-based email from the cyberthreats facing these platforms. If your enterprise uses either Office 365 or G Suite, you get robust cloud security protection with advanced phishing detection, malware blocking, account takeover prevention, and data protection.

Features that are included with CloudGuard SaaS include:

  • Threat emulation and extraction

  • User access control

  • Multi-factor authentication

  • Unauthorized user blocking

  • Malicious activity identification

  • Data leak protection

8. Google Apigee Sense

APIs may introduce vulnerable attack surfaces in your organization, but they’re necessary for many modern business applications. Google Apigee Sense is an API protection tool that detects suspicious behavior on an API and can automatically protect against an attack using a rules-based system. When Google Apigee Sense detects a potential attack, it sends admin notifications so you can act quickly to address issues without compromising the API’s user experience.

Features in Google Apigee Sense include:

  • Visual risk analytics dashboards

  • Bot ensnaring

  • Blocking and throttling

  • Intelligent risk models

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